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关于sea的词组短语辨析归纳

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by sea;by the sea的区别辨析


by sea意为“走海路;坐轮船”,其中by表示乘坐交通工具或行走方式,by与名词间不可用冠词;by the sea意为“在海边”,其中by表示“在……旁边”,by与后面的名词间常有冠词修饰。如:
They will go to America by sea. 他们将坐轮船去美国。
There is a small village by the sea.海边有个小村庄。
请比较下面类似有这样区别的短语:
by ship 乘船 by a ship 在一艘轮船旁边
by land 从陆路 by the land 在岸边(在陆地旁边)
by taxi 乘出租车 by the taxi 在出租车旁边
by road 从陆路 by the road 在路边
by turns
idm (=changing from one quality, feeling etc to another)
ad.轮流地,交替地
by turns
idm (=one after the other, especially in a particular order)
ad.依次地,轮流地,逐个地
by virtue of
idm (=by means of, or as a result of something)
ad.借助,由于
by the way
idm (=used to introduce a new subject for consideration or to give further information)
ad.顺便提一下,捎带说一声,附带问一句
by way of
idm (=by a route that includes the place mentioned)
ad.路经,经过,经由
by way of
idm (=as a form or means of something;for something; as a means of something)
ad.作为…的形式,为了,作为…的手段
year by year
idm (=as each year passes,or every year for many years)
ad.年年
by all means
idm (=use to see that you are very willing for sb to have sth or do sth)
a.当然可以;当然行
by means of sth
idm (=with the help of sth )
ad.用,借助(某某)手段;依靠(某某)方法
by no means
idm (=not at all )
v.根本不;绝不;一点不
pass by
phr v(=to go past a person, place, vehicle etc)
v.经过,从…旁走过
by reason of sth
idm (=because of something)
prep.由于
by rights
idm (=with reason or justice)
ad.按理说,公正地说
by hand
idm (=with the hands or a hand-worked implement (as a tool or pen) rather than with a machine)
ad.用双手或手工器具
by hand
idm (=from one individual directly to another)
ad.手递手地
by heart
idm (=when you know something by heart, you remember all of it exactly)
ad.凭良好的记性
by and large
idm (=used when you are sth that is in generally ,but not completely )
ad.大体上,总体上,总的(或一般的)说来
by comparison
idm (=used especially at the beginning of a sentence when the next thing that is mentioned is compared with sth in the previous sentence)
ad.相比较而言,相对来说
by comparison with
idm (=when compared with sb/sth)
prep.(与…)相比较
by common consent
idm (=most people agree)
ad.大家一致同意
bit by bit
idm (=gradually)
ad.一点一点地,逐渐地,慢慢地
by the book
phr v (=exactly according to rules or instructions)
ad.严格按照规则或指示(做事)
by and by
idm (=after a short period)
ad.不久,没多长时间后
by and large
idm (=used when making a general statement)
ad.大体上来看,总的来说
by the by
idm (=used when mentioning something that may be interesting but is not particularly important)
ad.顺便提一句
by chance
idm (=in the haphazard course of events)
ad.偶然,碰巧
by any chance
idm (=spoken used to ask politely whether something is true)
ad.(用于疑问句,表示有礼貌的惊奇)真正地,确实地
by contrast
idm (=having an obvious difference between people, ideas, situations, things etc that are being compared or having the fact of comparing two or more things in order to show the differences between them)
ad.明显不同,明显不同的是;相比之下,对比之下
by courtesy of sb
idm (=by someone's permission, provision or kindness, rather than by paying them)
prep.蒙…批准(批准、好意等)
by courtesy of sb
idm (=if one thing happens courtesy of another, the second thing caused the first)
prep.由于,因为,由…引起
by degrees
idm (=very slowly [= gradually])

关于sea的短语词组

 
a sea of sth
idm (=a very large number of people or things that all look similar)
a.大量,茫茫一片
seal off
phr v (=to stop people from entering an area or building, because it is dangerous)
v.封闭,封锁
in search of sth
idm (=trying to find something)
prep.寻找,搜寻
out of season
idm (=If fruit and vegetables are out of season, they do not grow in the area during that time)
a.不合时令的,在淡季的
out of season
idm (=during the period when fewer people want to travel or have a holiday)
a./prep.在度假淡季,在旅游淡季
at sea
idm (=on the sea,especially in a ship ,or in the sea)
prep.在海上(尤指乘船),在海里
at sea
idm (= confused and not knowing what to do)
a.困惑,茫然,不知所措
 

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